Solar System Calulations for Small Models.



  • Fill in the diameter of the Sun you want your model to be scaled by. You can fill in either the red bordered inches box or the green bordered millimeters box. Important: Only fill in one box. If both are filled in you will get a dialog box asking you to clear one of the boxes. Use the Clear button to clear the entire form.
  • Click on the “Calculate” button.
  • Notice that the distances and sizes of the planets will automatically fill in. I’ve also provided some other interesting scale comparisons at the bottom of the chart.
  • You can now build your scale model. You can do this with a long tape measure, or you can measure the size of your pace and walk it off counting the number of steps you take. To mark a planet’s place you can use a piece of paper on a post that you stick into the ground, or you can use a flag, or even a person. Be prepared for a long walk!
  • If you build your solar system on a roll of toilet paper, you can make the Sun about .4 inches (10 mm) across and still fit the entire solar system on the roll. A standard roll of toilet paper has about 450 sheets that are about 4.375 inches long, hence the roll is about 164 feet long. You should check your toilet paper for length. Some are longer.
  • You can click on the names of the planets and satellites to go the the Nine Planets web site page about them. LOTS of info there!

Solar System Model

Body Body
Scaled orbit
(ft & in)

Sun 1391900

Mercury 4866 57950000 ft in m
Venus 12106 108110000 ft in m
Earth 12742 149570000 ft in m
Mars 6760 227840000 ft in m
Jupiter 142984 778140000 ft in m
Saturn 116438 1427000000 ft in m
Uranus 46940 2870300000 ft in m
Neptune 45432 4499900000 ft in m
Pluto 2274 5913000000 ft in m

Other interesting distances and speeds
Quantity Real

Speed of
299792 km/sec in/sec mm/sec
9.46051E+12 km mi km

Distances to Stars and Galaxies
To Alpha Centauri 4.03964E+13 km mi km
To Sirius 8.17388E+13 km mi km
To Deneb 1.32636E+16 km mi km
To Galactic
2.62151E+17 km mi km

Sizes of Stars
Hottest star
(Type 05)
12527100 km ft m
Coolest star
(Type M5)
222704 km in cm
Red giant
521962500 km ft m
White dwarf
(Sirius B)
13919 km in mm
Neutron star 20 km in mm


I’ve only given you the sizes and distances to the planets. If you’d like to see the satellites of the planets as well, click here for a much more extensive page (and a longer download time too!)